Both the Colombian military and FARC are taking part in the demining efforts.
The program intends to rid Colombia of landmines and other UXO by 2021 and it has been funded with nearly US2 million, including US million from the US (as part of the larger US foreign policy Plan Colombia) and US.4 million from the EU.
The landmines are homemade and were placed primarily during the last 25 years of the conflict, hindering rural development significantly.
In November 2013 four US Marines were killed by an explosion whilst clearing unexploded ordnance from a firing range at Camp Pendleton.
The exact cause is not known, but the Marines had been handing grenades they were collecting to each other, which is permitted but discouraged, and it is thought that a grenade may have exploded after being kicked or bumped, setting off hundreds of other grenades and shells.
All departments of Colombia are affected, but Antioquia, where the city of Medellin is located, holds the largest amounts.
In September 2012, the Colombian peace process began officially in Havana and in August 2016, the US and Norway initiated an international five-year demining program, now supported by another 24 countries.
For this reason it is universally recommended that unexploded ordnance should not be touched or handled by unqualified persons.
Instead, the location should be reported to the local police so that bomb disposal or Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) professionals can render it safe.Regarding land mines, 78 countries are contaminated and they kill 15–20,000 people every year while severely maiming countless more.Approximately 80% of casualties are civilian, with children as the most affected age group.UXO from World War I continue to be a hazard, with poisonous gas filled munitions still a problem.When unwanted munitions are found, they are sometimes destroyed in controlled explosions, but accidental detonation of even very old explosives also occurs, sometimes with fatal results.In Mozambique, as much as 70% of the country is now contaminated with mines.