The patriots destroyed the remaining buildings for strategic reasons in February.
Dunmore secured small victories at Norfolk but was forced into exile by the American rebels, commanded by Colonel Woodford.
His departure brought an end to more than 168 years of British colonial rule in Virginia.
In 1804, another serious fire along the city's waterfront destroyed some 300 buildings and the city suffered a serious economic setback.
During the 1820s, agrarian communities across the American South suffered a prolonged recession, which caused many families to migrate to other areas.
The city has a long history as a strategic military and transportation point.
The largest Navy base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk, is located in Norfolk along with one of NATO's two Strategic Command headquarters.
Virginia made some attempts to phase out slavery, and manumissions had increased in the first two decades after the war.
Thomas Jefferson Randolph gained passage of an 1832 resolution for gradual abolition in the state, but by that time, increased demand from development in the Deep South created a large internal market for slavery.
After persuading 105 people to settle in the colony, Adam Thoroughgood (who had immigrated to Virginia in 1622 from King's Lynn, Norfolk, England) was granted a large land holding, through the head rights system, along the Lynnhaven River in 1636.
When the South Hampton Roads portion of the shire was separated, Thoroughgood suggested the name of his birthplace for the newly formed New Norfolk County.
It is linked to its neighbors by an extensive network of Interstate highways, bridges, tunnels, and three bridge-tunnel complexes, which are the only bridge-tunnels in the United States.