Burning bales of straw soaked in creosote were used to simulate the effects of incendiary bombs dropped by the first wave of Pathfinder night bombers; meanwhile, incendiary bombs dropped on the correct location were quickly smothered, wherever possible.Drums of oil were also ignited to simulate the effect of a blazing city or town, with the aim of fooling subsequent waves of bombers into dropping their bombs on the wrong location.Farming continued to flourish, however, and the Bath and West of England Society for the Encouragement of Agriculture, Arts, Manufactures and Commerce was founded in 1777 to improve farming methods.
After the Romans left, Britain was invaded by Anglo-Saxon peoples.
By AD 600 they had established control over much of what is now England, but Somerset was still in native British hands.
Somerset contains HM Prison Shepton Mallet, which was England's oldest prison still in use prior to its closure in 2013, having opened in 1610.
The Industrial Revolution in the Midlands and Northern England spelled the end for most of Somerset's cottage industries.
Some of the hospitals which were built for the casualties of the war remain in use.
The Taunton Stop Line was set up to repel a potential German invasion.) (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.It is bounded to the north and west by the Severn Estuary and the Bristol Channel, its coastline facing southeastern Wales.The boundaries of Somerset are largely unaltered from medieval times.The River Avon formed much of the border with Gloucestershire, except that the hundred of Bath Forum, which straddles the Avon, formed part of Somerset.Bristol began as a town on the Gloucestershire side of the Avon, however as it grew it extended across the river into Somerset.